2018 ANNUAL HIGHWAY Performance Report

Overview

A message from George McAuley, Deputy Secretary for Highway Administration

George McAuley photograph

I am extremely honored to serve in the role of Deputy Secretary for Highway Administration for the GREAT organization that is PennDOT. The opportunity to lead such an excellent organization of about 10,000 dedicated employees—with a focus on building strong relationships with industry and governmental partners, and on ensuring that our 11 district offices can successfully carry out PennDOT’s mission —motivates and inspires me daily. I strive to encourage the continued advancement of forward-thinking concepts, ideas and innovative strategies to maximize investments in our assets, ensure quality and safety.

Safety resides at the core of PennDOT’s mission. We have a responsibility to provide a safe traveling experience for all motorists in Pennsylvania, in addition to establishing safe working environments for our own employees and our industry partners. I ask that no matter your role within the Transportation Industry, you keep safety at the front of your mind. PennDOT’s vision is to remain customer-focused—as public servants, we always must keep the end user and taxpayer needs for multimodal transportation facilities and services as our driving force. PennDOT is reinvigorating and enhancing the safety culture and has formed an Executive Safety Council to help steer these efforts.

Strong professional Relationships with other governmental agencies, with industry partners and with the people of Pennsylvania through local governments, planning partners and legislators are critical to our success. Working together with a shared vision is yielding more rapid and expanded advancement of transportation services. The changes we are making would not be possible without this shared focus. The growing advantages of community relationships coming from our PennDOT Connects efforts continue to amaze me.

The invigoration of Diversity and Inclusion in Industry and PennDOT efforts continue to grow our skills and bring huge gains in expanded viewpoints and depth in understanding the culture of the citizens we serve.

The evolution of our Asset Management approach toward a lowest life cycle cost emphasis through our Transportation Asset Management Plan (TAMP), which is in alignment with Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) guidance, and prioritization of core maintenance tactics to preserve our roads and bridges continue to improve our efficiencies and effectiveness.

Evolution of our entire Enterprise is lively. Strategic approaches in Design and Construction, and PennDOT County Accreditation efforts in Maintenance are ensuring that PennDOT operates like a business, serving customers and generating “profits” –savings always return revenue to an even larger program, touching more and more of our assets.

And as we charge to further expand efforts in Innovation, everyone needs to know that their ideas make a difference, and that they have the needed “space” to develop new approaches to the way we do our business. Tools to capture, share and track innovation deployment must continue to improve to aid in this effort more effectively. Pennsylvania’s leadership with FHWA’s State Transportation Innovation Council (STIC) has been recognized once again as leading nationally – Restructured to further enhanced Innovation deployment in Pennsylvania – Congrats to all!

The efforts before us involve changing of organizational cultures. My quip on culture change; “An unplanned culture change can happen in a heartbeat, but the outcome can be highly unpredictable. A planned culture change takes a lot of effort and the development of logical iterations to ensure desired outcomes.” I believe is still valid, but quite long. Of late, simply put, I’ll say “Culture change is HARD!” Recognizing this is necessary. I suggest when we approach improvement and evolution efforts, we stay away from the question “Can we do (whatever the subject) – it’s too easy to get a “NO” answer. If we ask “How can we (evolve or improve), everyone will chime in on ways to make things better. I’ve seen the people of PennDOT step up to this challenge over my entire career. I look forward to every new idea, folks – Bring it on!

infographic of PennDOT facts

Bridges

Pennsylvania has over 25,000 bridges to maintain

Where We've Been

In 2008, PennDOT launched the Accelerated Bridge Program. The intent was to reduce the number of poor condition bridges in Pennsylvania to the 2008 national average of 8% over the next 25 years. At the same time, we would work to maintain current pavement conditions. PA has the third highest number of state-owned bridges and 24% of these bridges were in poor condition. As a gateway to the northeast, the majority of truck traffic to the northeastern states passes through our borders.

Number of Poor State Bridges by Year

The number of Poor bridges (formerly referred to as structurally-deficient bridges) in Pennsylvania continued its downward trend in 2018. By focusing on larger bridges, where possible, over the last several years, we were able to exceed our 2033 goal of 8.4% poor deck area (currently 7.42%). We still remain short of our 2033 goal of 2,740 poor bridges by count, but anticipate reaching that goal in 2019—14 years ahead of schedule. Poor Bridge counts are conducted monthly. These numbers rise and fall throughout the year. The numbers shown on the graph above represent the number of poor bridges as of December 31 of each year. The starting point of 6,034 bridges was established in the third quarter of 2007 when the reduction goals were set. The actual “high water mark” came in August of that year, with 6,059 poor bridges. That number was reduced to 5,972 by the end of 2007, which is reflected in the graph.

Age Distribution of Bridges (total bridge count by 25 years)

Pennsylvania’s bridges continue to age, with over half of our bridges currently over 50 years old. This continues to present challenges as additional bridges deteriorate at faster rates .

Number of Bridges Becoming Poor Annually

Despite efforts to reduce the number of poor bridges in the state, it is a moving target. Every year, additional bridges are added to those that are already poor. PennDOT works to slow the decline of these bridges through preservation. This helps to keep the number of poor bridges in decline and reduces the likelihood of spikes in that number.

Trend of Posted State Bridges

Following an uptick in posted bridges in 2013, PennDOT has made strides in reducing the number of posted bridges statewide. This progress was made by either making necessary repairs or, in the case of redundant or unnecessary bridges, closing them. As of 12/31/2018, no Interstate bridges were posted and only 35 out of 4,952 National Highway System (non-Interstate) bridges were posted.

Roadways

PennDOT owns and maintains over 40,000 miles of Roadway

Where We've Been

The International Roughness Index (IRI) is the primary measure used by PennDOT to evaluate pavement smoothness. Despite the decade-long focus on Poor Bridges, PennDOT has managed to keep the overall IRI on National Highway System roadways fairly steady. Increased IRI indicates increased surface roughness. As one might expect, the most marked increase in IRI has occurred on non-NHS routes.

Statewide Median Roughness (in IRI-inches/mile)

Poor Roughness Mileage

Innovation

Bringing Pennsylvania into the future

State Transportation Innovation Council

The Pennsylvania State Transportation Innovation Council (STIC) facilitates the implementation of proven transportation innovations that are new to Pennsylvania. The STIC also supports the implementation of the Federal Highway Administration's Every Day Counts (EDC) Initiatives. EDC is a program in which FHWA works with State transportation departments to identify a new collection of innovations every two years that merit accelerated deployment. The STIC is comprised of various stakeholders, state and federal agencies, local governments, research organizations and industry partners working together to pursue specific innovations. The STIC meets three times a year and all business meetings are open to the public. Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs) assist the STIC in selecting innovations that should be developed for implementation and promoted. Selected innovations are developed for deployment and promoted to become standard practice within the transportation community. Beyond deploying at the statewide or regional level in Pennsylvania, the STIC assists local governments to deliver a modern and high-quality transportation system to the citizens of the Commonwealth at all levels of government.

STIC members at a table reviewing documents

Permitting

Ensuring safety and integrity of our roadways

Where We've Been

PennDOT’s permitting services work to safely preserve the flow of traffic and the integrity of our roadways.

Special Hauling Permits control if, when and where oversize and/or overweight loads can travel. These loads can cause premature wear on our pavements and bridges in addition to obstructing traffic.

Highway Occupancy Permits (HOPs) control occupancy of our highways by utilities as well as access connections from commercial and residential developments, and local roadways. These utility occupancies and access connections are evaluated to insure the structural integrity of the highway and for the safe and convenient passage of traffic on the roads of the Commonwealth.

In the past, applications for both these permit programs were submitted on paper and reviewed manually. These processes were both inefficient, cumbersome and time consuming.

Quality

Improving the quality of transportation work in Pennsylvania

TQI (Transportation Quality Initiative)

TQI (Transportation Quality Initiative). The goal of this effort is to Minimize owner-contractor conflicts by bringing PennDOT, PA Turnpike, Associated Pennsylvania Constructors (APC), and the American Council of Engineering Companies (ACEC) together to Collaborate to address critical industry issues that represent barriers to mutual project success. These teams will complement existing collaborative efforts (State Transportation Innovation Council (STIC), Quality Improvement Committees, as examples), and will focus on high-level cross-cutting issues as guided by the TQI leadership. Process Team topics include Design, Procurement, and Construction. Ad hoc process teams can be stood up on an as-needed basis. Each Process Team will focus on achieving the goals by addressing topics that can have an impact on the following Objectives:

  • Reduce the potential for and negative impact of claims.
  • Reduce adjustments and changes during construction due to design.
  • Improve project timeliness (including payment and impact to mobility).
  • Ensure an unprejudiced claim review process.
  • Minimize lifecycle cost.
  • Reduce conflict-resolution timeframe.
  • Maximize employee and public safety.
  • Attract and retain a skilled labor force.
  • Deploy innovative approaches.
  • Evolve the Transportation Industry within Pennsylvania.

Safety

Safety at all levels

Where We've Been

For years, PennDOT has relied on our CRASH information system, which keeps records of reportable crashes, including details of various contributing factors for those crashes. Our engineers and our planning partners have utilized data from this system to focus on high-crash intersections and roadways to best determine safety countermeasures that should be deployed.

CDART-Screenshot

Traffic Operations

Manage traffic and report road closures and conditions

Where We've Been

TrafficImage

In the past, PennDOT faced a number of challenges to effectively and efficiently manage traffic and report road closures and conditions. For decades, the only effective method to address recurring congestion was to add capacity. These capacity-adding projects were expensive and often unsuccessful, while increasing our maintenance burden. Reporting consisted of a labor intensive, manual system that used spreadsheets in both paper and electronic format to maintain and disseminate road closure information.

Winter

Improving traction on our roadways during winter storm events

What We’re Doing Now

Salt Brine Truck

PennDOT currently uses salt, anti-skid and salt brine to improve traction on our roadways during winter storm events. We have 64 facilities capable of making salt brine at a cost of less than $0.18 per gallon. Last winter PennDOT used over 11.5 million gallons of salt brine for anti-icing on roadways before storm events and to pre-wet road salt to reduce bounce and scatter during spreading activities.

511PA Screenshot

Motorists can check conditions on state-owned roadways, including color-coded winter conditions on 2,900 miles, by visiting www.511PA.com. 511PA, which is free and available 24 hours a day, provides traffic delay warnings, weather forecasts, traffic speed information and access to more than 860 traffic cameras. 511PA is also available through a smartphone application for iPhone and Android devices, by calling 5-1-1, or by following regional Twitter alerts accessible on the 511PA website.

AVL Map

Also during the winter, the public can find plow-truck locations and details of when state-maintained roadways were last plowed. The information is made possible by PennDOT’s Automated Vehicle Location (AVL) technology, which uses units in each of the more than 2,200 department-owned and rented plow trucks to send a cellular signal showing where a truck is located.

Aerial-Snow-Plow-Photo

PennDOT recently worked with Temple University to research Alternative Deicers. Through that research, information from the Pacific Northwest Snowfighters Association and other DOT’S, PennDOT was able to create a process to approve new liquid deicers for Bulletin 15. Going forward, this process will be used to add new liquid deicers to PennDOT Winter Operations.

PennDOT DISTRICT REPORTS

Learn specifics about your PennDOT District

Select a PennDOT district to view a specific report.

District 1

Man and woman working at a table

Hunter Station Bridge - Forest county

  • The $24 million structure replacement was opened to traffic in 2017 and included relocation of over 150,000 endangered mussels
  • The project received the 2018 America’s Transportation Award for Best Use of Technology

District 1 Roundabouts

  • Two roundabouts opened in Saegertown Borough, Crawford County in 2017
  • Millfair roundabout in Erie County opened in 2018
  • Broadway Avenue roundabout opened in the City of Sharon in Mercer County in 2018
  • The “Big-I” roundabout in Vernon Township, Crawford County will be constructed in 2019
Roundabout

Planned Resurfacing Miles

2019-2022 Planned Resurfacing Miles

Planned Poor Structure Replacements

2019-2022 Planned Poor Structure Replacements

2017 Christmas Snow Storm

Received the 2018 Governor’s Award for Excellence for developing and implementing the “Operation Cover 90” response plan that handled over seven feet of snow received during the holiday.

Local Bridge Program

  • Ten local structures have been submitted to utilize $6 million of RoadMaP funding
  • Design services for nine local structures were completed in-house for a savings of over $200,000 to our municipal partners

TIP Investment

District 1 - 2019 TIP Investment by Project Class

Fatalities 5 Year Average

District 1 Fatalities 5 Year Average

District 2

45 Mile per hour speed limit sign
Four way sign with blinking lights

PennDOT Connects

District 2-0 included local government agencies and external stakeholders in project details, additional funding sources, and project-specific community issues/concerns. This partnership will produce 224 inclusive projects.

Planning Region 2017 TIP Projects 2019 TIP New Projects Maintenance Projects Total Projects
Centre 23 6 5 34
North Central 61 32 25 118
SECA COG 45 12 15 72
District 2 Total 129 50 45 224

County Accreditation

County Managers and District Management have initiated work on 100% of the 225 discovered opportunities, of which, 84.44% are complete/ongoing. This level of success was a result of consistent collaboration during numerous team meetings that began in December of 2017.

Opportunities Complete/Ongoing as of 8/31/18

Centre Clearfield Clinton Elk/McKean Cameron/Potter Mifflin/Juniata District Office Total
69.57% 84.38% 83.33% 87.18% 89.74% 85.71% 85.71% 84.44%

Fleet Right-Sizing

Since its inception in 2014, District 2-0’s total reduction was 143 pieces with a replacement value of approximately $5.7 million.

Process to ITS device activation total of 10 minutes

Status Display Program

With Status Display the RTMC has the capability to activate ITS devices within the first 10 minutes of an incident, increasing the safety for emergency responders, County maintenance, and the traveling public. Two Counties are fully integrated in the program, and four Counties are in the implementation phase within District 2-0 and 9-0.

Process to ITS device activation total of 10 minutes

In the future, to meet our goal of maintaining our assets, District 2-0 will concentrate on our Interstate and NHS corridors while balancing the needs of our secondary system.

Median IRI Values

District 2-0’s median IRI values are lower than the Statewide value per business planning network, by County. District 2-0’s overall IRI value on all routes is lower than the Statewide value and lowest IRI value in the State.

District 2-0 has been able to reduce poor deck area numbers from 26.2% to 4.84% without sacrificing median IRI values.

2017 Median IRI Values

Governor's 2020 Bridge Challenge

Our Maintenance Forces assisted by installing 21 box culverts and supporting in 15 other preservation projects. Several of the preservation projects were constructed with planks and channel beams fabricated at maintenance facilities in Districts 1-0, 2-0, and 3-0.

Governor's 2020 Bridge Challenge

Bridge

District 2-0 has decreased the amount of poor bridge deck area by 81.5% since 2007.

Percentage of Poor Deck Area 2007-2018

INFRA Grant

Earlier this year, USDOT granted PennDOT an INFRA Grant of $35 million to partially fund the much-needed improvements at the I-99/I-80 interchange in Centre County. This future project consists of three sections that has an estimated cost of $185 million. The construction of these sections will improve freight movement, alleviate congestion, and increase safety for commercial and passenger vehicles.

Aerial view of highway

District 3

District 3’s Sullivan County Maintenance Organization achieved 3,000 days without a disabling injury.

Sullivan county - 3,000 days

District 3’s Union County Maintenance Organization achieved 2,000 days without a disabling injury.

Union county - 2,000 days

Full depth reclamation

Before/After RAP
Before/After RAP

A full depth reclamation on Tioga County SR 1036 using the Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) process cost $103,000/mile. District 3 will use RAP to pave 57 miles of low-volume roadways by 2022.

Truck on road with landslides
Flooding

Numerous flooding events impacted the district, primarily Bradford, Sullivan, Lycoming, Columbia and Montour Counties between July and September 2018, causing approximately $57M in damages. Department Force work and emergency contracts were used to start emergency repairs immediately and permanent repairs will continue into 2019.

total fatalities chart show a general downward trend
Engineering Safety

With continued emphasis on engineering safety into our projects and promoting soft-side initiatives such as safety and enforcement collaboration with PSP and Driver Safety Task Force meetings with our safety partners, District 3 realized a continuous decline in the 5-year fatality average from 2003-2017.

Map of US 15 reconstruction project
PennDOT Connects

Early PennDOT Connects outreach facilitated timely funding acquisition for inclusion of a gateway into a planned US 15 reconstruction project near the Little League World Series Complex and Museum in District 3’s South Williamsport Borough.

Northumberland County, Duke Stree Reconstruction Utility Obstructions
Decade of Investment

Complexities on reconstruction projects increased estimates to complete the remaining 24 Decade of Investment (DOI) reconstruction projects by 300%, extending District 3s anticipated completion date of DOI projects into the 2030s.

Central Susquehanna Valley Transportation Project

The first contract for the Central Susquehanna Valley Transportation (CSVT) project was let in September 2015. The approximately 4,500-foot bridge spanning the West Branch Susquehanna River in Northumberland and Union Counties is estimated to cost $155M and expected to be complete by the end of summer 2020. Three additional contracts have been let to include earthwork, structures, paving and an interchange in Winfield. This northern section is anticipated to be open to traffic in 2022.

CSVT project photos of road contruction over a river
CSVT project photos of road contruction over a river

District 4

Cover of ABDC award
Employees in front of sign for A Modern Truss for the 21st Century

Pond Eddy Bridge

May 2, 2019 Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: SAI is proud to announce that our team received the ABCD-Susquehanna Chapter’s Outstanding New or Reconstructed Long Span Bridge Award for the Pond Eddy Bridge on April 29, 2019 at the 15th Annual Bridge Awards Banquet in Harrisburg, PA. SAI Project Manager Greg Soule, PE (pictured below) gave a presentation of the unique design and construction challenges and stakeholder coordination necessary to replace the 115-year old, 504-ft long, two-span, pin connected, Pennsylvania (Petit) thru-truss bridge over the Delaware River between New York and Pennsylvania. The bridge was replaced with a 506-ft long, two-span, steel Pratt truss bridge while keeping the river open for recreational boaters, maintaining access to the community of Pond Eddy, PA, documenting historical findings and preserving the natural and aesthetic qualities of the Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River National Park. SAI would like to thank PennDOT Project Manager Susan Williams (pictured above), PennDOT District 4-0, NYSDOT, FHWA and the National Park Service for their guidance and expertise throughout the project; contractor DA Collins; and design team partners Skelly and Loy, Dawood, McCormick Taylor, Navarro & Wright and IAS.

Before

After

Pike County – Pond Eddy Bridge Over Delaware River
Truss Bridge Replacement on New Alignment
Current Contract: $17.3M

Luzerne County – South Valley Parkway

New Roadway, Three New Bridges, Six Roundabouts
Current Contract: $58.9M
Selecting alignment of 2.5-mile new roadway while minimizing impacts and cost containment to fall within allotted funding.

Project Features

  • Excavation = 1.4M cubic yards, Rock blasting
  • Six (6) Roundabouts - Five (5) Single Lane, and One (1) Double Lane
  • Six (6) Span Concrete Bridge, One (1) Single-Span Concrete Bridge
  • One (1) Box Culvert
  • Four (4) Rock Structure Habitat created for Eastern Small-Footed Myotis Bats
  • Seventeen (17) Storm Water Management Basins

SR 652-659 Wayne County MPMS # 83052

Construction work consisted of:

  • Substructure- minor concrete repairs
  • Superstructure- replace the span 2 stringers, strengthen/repair the span 2 floor beams, and install arch stiffeners.
  • Deck- replace the sidewalk, bridge deck, and bridge railings. Install new deck joints at the piers, and eliminate the deck joints at the abutments.
  • Paint the bridge (color to match the existing).
  • Construction Contract Amount $7,061,132.53
  • Project was completed in December 2018
  • PennDOT District 4-0 Project Manager: Susan Williams, Consultant Design Project Manager: Neil Shemo, (AECOM Inc.) Construction Contractor: D.A. Collins Construction Co. Inc.

Luzerne County- Dallas 5-Leg Roundabout

  • Completed (Other): via letters, emails, or phone calls exchanged, and scoping visits.
  • Complete (Meeting): via a stand-alone face to face meeting
  • Ongoing: meetings and/or outreach to be held

PennDOT Connects

PennDOT Connects

District 4 is continuing to perform outreach on all projects that are within the Twelve Year Program.

  • The district scoping list is used to determine which projects to Connect on next.
  • All TYP projects in the designated meeting area are brought to the municipality during the meeting
  • Any new project to be considered as part of the Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) is connected on in coordination with the Planning Partner.
  • We provide the municipality with information on technical support and alternative funding sources.

As projects continue to advance through the planning process and the PennDOT Connects initiative becomes more prevalent to the locals, the District is reaching back out to municipalities to provide continuous support and engagement.

District 5

D&L Ped Bridge, Jim Thorpe

$4M, Construction of a new pedestrian bridge that crosses the Lehigh River and connects 58 miles of the D&L trail. Bridge is a 250-ft prefabricated steel truss with timber decking. (Carbon County)

New bridge over a river

SR 222-19S, 222/662 Roundabout

$6.5M, Project to improve the intersection of US 222/Kutztown Road and PA 662/Moselem Springs Road in Richmond Township, Berks County. Project includes replacing the signalized intersection with a modern roundabout, widening US 222 to four lanes at the roundabout approaches, and constructing sidewalks on all roundabout approaches. The project also includes milling and paving at the intersection, drainage improvements, new signs and new line paint.

Aerial view of a roundabout

SR 7404-07M Coplay-Northampton Bridge

$26M, Local bridge replacement project consisting of a 1,120 ft long structure that includes spliced, post-tensioned prestressed concrete PA Bulb-Tee beams (1st use of spliced girders in PA). Also, a pilot project for use of Electrically Isolated Tendons in post tensioning system (1st in the U.S.) sponsored by FHWA & Lehigh University. (Lehigh County)

Crane moving a piece during construction of a bridge

SR 378-03B Hill to Hill Bridge

$77M- Bridge rehabilitation of the historic Hill to Hill Bridge carrying SR 378 over Lehigh River in Bethlehem. (Let 2025)

SR 329-01B Cementon Bridge

$13M- 4-span bridge replacement carries SR 329 over Lehigh River (Let 2020) Currently a trail on both sides of river with no connection. Bridge replacement project will bring the D&L trail across the river to connect to other segment of the D&L trail by adding a 10’ multipurpose trail on new bridge and ramp off the bridge.

SR 422-29M West Shore Bypass Reconstruction

SR 422, Section 29M Reconstruction project involves the reconstruction and widening of approximately 5 miles of US 422 (West Shore Bypass). The project provides an important link in the regional transportation network connecting to other key transportation arteries including US 222, I-176, PA Route 10, and PA Route 12. As part of the project, we plan to maintain the trail at the Lancaster Ave Interchange and rehabilitate the existing pedestrian bridge which also carries major electric lines.

District 6

PennDOT Connects

District 6’s approach to PennDOT Connects is to fully understand the range of issues municipalities face and then incorporate these issues into the description and scope of projects that comprise its capital program. Over the course of the 156 meetings held with municipalities over the last 18 months, teams presented the emphases and opportunities of the regional capital program. Teams discussed Transit Connections, Gateway and Place Making, Goods Movement, Managed Growth, Environmental Planning, Neighborhood Corridor Revitalization, and Trails and Bicycle Lanes. Designs of current and new projects are being adapted, developed and planned to become more than they may have originally been conceived to be. District 6 also conducts Connects meetings for maintenance surface treatment projects.

Project Delivery

  • $1.45B Let in FFY 2017 - 2018 ($1.21B CY 2016- 2017)
    • $655M Bridge Preservation and Replacement
    • $358M Pavement Reconstruction and Widening
    • $167M Resurfacing
    • $111M Highway and Pavement Preservation
    • $99M ITS, Safety and Congestion Reduction
    • $68M Enhancements
  • Capital Program Highlights
    • I-76 and I-95 Pavement Preservation
    • US 422 and US 322 Reconstructions
    • I-95 Corridor Reconstruction
  • Decade of Investment - Combined Capital and Maintenance Progress
    • $2.96B Let to Date
    • $3.99B Funded and in Development
    • $1.00B Candidate Projects Remaining
    • Commitments for Corridor Studies
I-95 Section BR0, $160.3M, Completed 2018 Betsy Ross Bridge Interchange Ramp ReconstructionI-95 Section BR0, $160.3M, Completed 2018 Betsy Ross Bridge Interchange Ramp Reconstruction

State of Good Repair

Bridge conditions continue to improve reflecting the significant investment levels from the DVRPC regional and Interstate Management Programs of the last several years. The number of bridges removed from the poor condition list and the sum of deck area of structures in poor condition have declined and will continue to decline with the lettings of the last two years. The district removed 76 bridges in poor condition in CY 2017 and 2018 to address the Governor’s goal.

Poor Condition Bridges

Rising investment in pavement improvement is reflected in condition for all but interstates and non-interstate lookalikes. Fourteen miles of highway reconstruction, 66 miles of pavement preservation and 611 miles of surface treatment projects are having a noticeable, positive impact on District 6’s pavement inventory. Recently completed interstate improvements (I-76 in Montgomery County) and others nearing completion (I-95 in Bucks County and Philadelphia) are not reflected in the condition ratings. Neither are improvements to non-interstate expressways (Route 422 in Montgomery County, U.S. 1 in Bucks County).

Poor Condition Pavement

Capital Program

The total capacity of District 6 projects to let in FY 2018 and 2019, which are funded for construction by the regional base allocation to DVRPC and contributions from the Interstate Management Program, is $1.3 billion.

Combined 2019 DVRPC and IMP TIP

New Regional Traffic Managment Center

PennDOT District 6 is advancing the planning and coordination to construct a new, state-of-the-art Regional RTMC, which will be located adjacent to the District office building in King of Prussia. The current RTMC has been retrofitted multiple times to accommodate new technologies, systems, and workstations, but there is no expansion capability remaining. A larger, more modern facility is clearly essential as PennDOT moves to aggressively perform Transportation System and Operations (TSMO) responsibilities and function as the Incident Command Center (ICC) during major incident and events (e.g., Papal Visit and Democratic National Convention). District 6 operates one of four RTMCs in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is responsible for optimizing the safe and efficient movement of traffic within the Philadelphia region through the application of complex transportation systems and incident management strategies along all limited access roadways and several arterial roadways in Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia counties. The RTMC maintains 24/7/365 operations.

Rendering of regional management center and parking structure

Emphasizing Active Management of the Transportation System

District 6 believes the use of Active Traffic Management (ATM) and Integrated Corridor Management (ICM) strategies within most congested corridors will help achieve an optimal balance between capital costs; operational and maintenance costs; congestion relief/travel time reliability; safety; environmental impacts; efficient project delivery; and sustainability. This “next generation” technology builds on existing ITS systems to address traffic demands, while minimizing most impactful aspects of traditional widening projects.

flat image

Morale Committee

District 6 launched the Morale Committee in late 2017 to help foster a workplace environment that supports employee engagement and recognition. Through themed events, organized potlucks, interactive game tables, on-site food trucks and even an outing to cheer the Reading Phillies, the Morale Committee has provided employees with many new opportunities to come together to experience some fun in the workplace and camaraderie with colleagues.

Employees wearing jerseys and holding sports team sign

Women in Maintenance Committee

District 6 formed a “Women in Maintenance Committee” of all female operators in June 2017. The District has 10 women operators out of 335 total operators. The purpose of this committee is to discuss challenges experienced by women in a field historically dominated by male employees and seek ways to minimize these challenges and improve transitions for future female operators.

District 8

Leadership Education Achievement and Development (LEAD): Design Process Presentation

LEAD Class of 22 women
4 women LEAD presenters

Accelerated Bridge Construction – Herr Street Bridge

Herr Street (SR 3018) located within the City of Harrisburg is a major commuter route and connection for the City and the Capital Complex. With this in mind, the District limited the full closure of Herr Street to no more than 10 days for the full replacement of this bridge. In order to accomplish this restriction, accelerated bridge construction techniques were utilized by the contractor. The superstructure components were built over the Spring and summer 2018 in a nearby lot. During the 10-day closure, which started on September 21st, the existing bridge was demolished, foundation and abutment work was completed and then the new superstructure was placed.

September 22, 2018
September 24, 2018
September 27, 2018
September 29, 2018
September 30, 2018

Organizational Smart Practices and Innovative Ideas: Timber Covered Bridges

Since 2010, over twenty oversized truck bridge hits have occurred to timber covered bridges in the District with repair cost in the $400,000 range. Covered bridges are historic icons to American ingenuity and serve as local landmarks and points of interest for many counties and communities. In an effort to reduce the frequency of these hits, the District created an assessment team to review each bridge and develop recommendations for protection measures. The team developed sets of questions to answer during site visits that would give a logical understanding as to what motorist’s experience as they approach these covered bridges. Improvement options include redirecting motorists attention to the clearance restrictions by using retro reflective markers, proper signage, and clearing over-grown vegetation that obstructs view. The team is in the implementation phase with several measures in place this year. One of the more significant repairs was raising the roof of a covered bridge to increase the vertical clearance. To date, this has mitigated damage to this frequently hit timber covered bridge.

Cider Mill Road plaque
Wooden covered bridge with yello sign and stop light in foreground

District Exceeds Governor’s “Statewide Goal” of Removing 1,800 Poor Bridges

District 8 was tasked with addressing 152 poor bridges as part of the Governor’s “Statewide Goal” to remove 1,800 poor bridges by the end of 2018. The District will exceed this goal by addressing 170 poor bridges through the combined efforts of construction contracting and Department Force work. This is the highest number of committed and delivered bridges compared to other Districts.

District 8-0’s Bridge Goals 2015-2018 (SD/poor)
Data as of September 5, 2018

2015 2016 2017 2018 2015 -2018 District Planned Totals
MPMS DF MPMS DF MPMS DF MPMS DF MPMS DF Total (MPMS + DF)
20 9 53 13 16 16 36 7 125 44 170

Poor Deck Area

Table showing downward trend of Poor Deck Area in District 8

Statewide Comparison

State District
Total 25,392 3,417
Poor 3,081 348
Poor % 12.13% 10.18%
Poor DA% 7.26% 5.06%
Posted 531 58
Posted % 2.09% 1.70%

District 8 Sent MET Team to District 4 to aid in 2018 Snow Storm

Multiple snow maintenance vehicles on a snow-covered road

District 9

US 219 Buffalo Creek Bridge

US 219 – Meyersdale to Somerset

On November 21, 2018, 10.8 miles of new 4-lane limited access highway between Meyersdale and Somerset was opened to traffic. This project, situated in Somerset County, was constructed with 7 separate contracts. The total project cost was $330 million and includes 2 new interchanges, 6 sets of dual structures and over 10 million cubic yards of earthwork. The project had overwhelming support from the community, will improve access and help promote economic development in southern Somerset County.

Project Delivery

Since 2012, D9 has let 99% of projects without missing a committed let date and remained a statewide leader in estimating pre-bid construction cost. The three projects that missed the let date were the result of issues with an NPDES permit. As a result, the District has created a Stormwater Management Committee aimed at assisting Project Managers identify potential issues before permits are submitted to the DEP.

Bid On-Time & Within Budget
Bid On-Time & Within Budget

D9 is also working towards the completion of our Decade of Investment (DOI) commitments. By the end of CY 2018, 67% of DOI projects have been let. We are projecting to deliver 76% by the end of CY 2023.

D9 is planning to complete 446 miles of surface improvements in CY 2019 which includes resurfacing contracts, Department Force Paving and sealcoating.

We have exceeded our share of the Governor’s 2020 Bridge Goal (Delivered 109 – Goal was 105).

During construction, D9 is committed to delivering quality projects that meet our stakeholders needs while making sound, cost-effective decisions when addressing unforeseen conditions. During the 2018 construction season, the District’s cumulative final construction contract amounts were managed to within 1.6% of original bid amounts.

Poor Condition Bridge Reduction

Since 2005, D9 has rehabilitated or replaced 568 state-owned poor bridges (27.3% of total inventory) comprising 1,842,000 sf of deck area at a cost of approximately $715 million.

D9 State Poor Condition Bridge Trend

Our 25-year goal of 7.9% poor deck area established in 2008 was met in 2013 after only five years, and our current % poor deck area is 2.3%. Our 25-year goal of 9.4% for number of poor bridges was met in November 2017, 16 years ahead of schedule.

D9 is committed to maintaining our bridges in fair or better condition and avoiding the unacceptably high poor percentages experienced in the past.

PennDOT Connects

D9 is committed to the successful implementation of PennDOT Connects. We have reached out to 171 municipalities to conduct interviews for 229 projects on our current program. We have found that most municipalities (75%) were responsive and willing to discuss the projects in their jurisdiction. The initial meetings resulted in the need for follow-up contacts with the municipality approximately 1/3 of the time. A District Quality Assurance process has been developed to ensure these follow-ups occur before the project advances into final design.

D9 is currently in the planning stages for PennDOT Connects for the 2021 program. We anticipate that out of 194 candidate projects, we will complete 98 municipal collaborations on 114 projects by July 2019.

PennDOT Connects - Follow-Ups

#Projects # Follow-Ups % Follow-Ups
Blair 39 11 28.2%
Cambria 39 20 36.4
Bedford 38 21 41.2%
Fulton 21 4 22.2%
Huntingdon 32 9 29.0%
Somerset 60 26 32.5%
D9 Totals 229 91 33.2%

Looking Ahead

The District is moving toward a more comprehensive 5 Year Plan incorporating previous TIP & 409 Funds with the recent RCR and RoadMAP Funds, which are to target the secondary system. In lieu of traditional paving, we are implementing low cost treatments such as Cold Recycled Asphalt Product (RAP) and High RAP paving, along with Full Depth Reclamation. In addition to those ideas, the District is continuing to bid jobs with significant millings to have Recycled No. 8 Stone provided from the contractors for use in our annual seal coat operations.

Construction vehicles loading RAP

The seal coat, crack sealing, and shoulder cutting planned routes are being revised to reduce Out of Cycle (OOC) backlogs, while moving toward a more efficient scheduling of roads by sections in each of the counties. These low-cost treatments and efficiency savings will be necessary as budgets remain flat and the District looks to maintain our roadway system at or very near current conditions.

OOC Mileage
Core mainteannce Activity SFY 14-15 SFY 17-18 SFY 21-22 Annual Target
Sealcoat 800+ 411 0 250
Crack Sealing --- 649 185 391
shoulder Cutting --- 780 0 1,345
Bid On-Time & Within Budget

To assist our budgets, we are still moving on and implementing many of the items to come out of the 2017 County Accredidation visits. These items are helping to stretch the limited funds as the teams prepare for an anticipated update this summer. Finally, employee safety will take on an even bigger role as we learn from our losses last year and strive to educate our workforce in making safety a way of life in all operations in the District.

District 10

District's first roundabout- Cox’s Corner Roundabout, SR 228 & SR 2005 Intersection

The previous “Y” intersection was identified for having safety issues with sight distance and traffic back-ups along SR 228. After investigating several changes to the intersection configuration, it was decided that a Roundabout would provide the optimum solution. The District faced much skepticism from the public on how it would work, but the outcome has been positive.

Roundabout

Safety Corridor - I80, Jefferson Co.

District 10, in cooperation with Senator Joe Scarnati and the Pennsylvania State Police, designated a new safety corridor on I-80 in Jefferson County. The safety corridor is between mile markers 78 and 95 and allows for this portion of highway to be targeted for the application of signs, increased levels of enforcement and increased penalties specifically to eliminate or reduce unsafe driver behaviors that are known to result in crashes and fatalities.

Picture of yellow road sign that reads Safety Cooridor Fines Doubled Next 5 Miles

US 22 Ultra Thin Overlay

US 22 is a 4-lane concrete pavement, Rural Minor Arterial highway built in 2005 in Indiana and Cambria counties. The 2018 total ADT of the road is 12,401 with 22% trucks. According to 2017 skid data, the roadway had several segments with low skid resistance numbers. The District wanted to address the skid issue and looked into several options including Diamond Grinding, Diamond Grooving, 6.3MM Thin Asphalt Overlay, and 9.5MM Ultra-Thin Bonded Wearing Course Overlay. Diamond Grinding and Diamond Grooving options were ruled out due to the soft limestone aggregate used in the original concrete mix design which would not fix the skid issue for a prolonged period. In the end, 9.5MM Ultra-Thin Bonded Wearing Course at 1” depth was selected due to its spray paving operation. All preparation work was included in the contract including full depth concrete patches, concrete spall repairs, patching joints, and cleaning and sealing of longitudinal and transverse joints. The project total cost was $2.5 Million ($1.8 Mill for Indiana County and $0.7 Mill for Cambria County) and the bid cost of the Ultra-Thin Bonded Wearing Course came at $7.6/SY compared to $35/SY for the standard first overlay of 4.5”-5” Leveling/Binder/Wearing on concrete pavements. The Ultra-Thin Bonded Wearing Course option had less traffic delays due to its fast-moving operation. Expected life of Ultra-Thin Bonded Wearing Course is 8 - 12 Years.

Construction vehicle laying hot material on highway

High RAP

During the 2018 construction season, Jefferson County Department Forces utilized high RAP Binder to efficiently complete two projects on the counties secondary system. High RAP asphalt was used to complete six miles of paving within Jefferson County that saved approximately $46,000. Additionally, Department Forces completed a Mill and Fill program using high RAP asphalt that improved just under 90 miles of secondary roads within the county and saved approximately $74,000.

Highway Fatalities

The District has been focusing on a goal of zero fatalities for many years. As can be seen from the chart, District 10 is trending in a downward direction, with the lowest rate on record achieved this year. This can be attributed to a systemized focus on crash locations and projects with countermeasures to reduce fatalities. In 2018, the District let four projects associated with safety that included 2 projects placing High Friction Courses throughout the District, another project to replace RPMs, and a project to repaint legends throughout the District. These efforts have been ongoing in the District for many years and are believed to be the reasons that the fatality numbers continue to decrease.

Highway Fatalities

District Lettings

For 2018, the District has already let 49 projects for a total of $102.6 M, and is projected to let 53 projects by the end of the calendar year for a total value of $120 million which includes 27 projects that address Poor Condition bridges and 19 roadway projects that resurfaced approximately 88.5 miles of roadways.

Poor Condition Bridges

To help meet the Governor’s 2015 to 2018 goals to deliver over 1800 bridges, the District is on track to deliver 105 structures. Under the Governor’s Plan, the District has been able to reduce the overall number of Poor Condition structures an average of 12 structures per year to achieve a downward trend in Poor Condition Bridges shown on the graph. In addition to bridge replacements, the District has removed seven redundant or obsolete bridges from service thereby eliminating the maintenance and replacement costs of these assets from the system. The District continues to stay on track to meet the original targets set in 2008 to be at 228 bridges by 2033.

District 10 Goals - 228 Number of Bridges
IRI Chart

District 11

Route 30

On Saturday, April 7, 2018, a 300’ long by 50’ deep landslide suddenly occurred, including the loss of a 15-foot-high retaining wall. Thanks to the quick actions of District 11 staff, no injuries occurred. However, there were 31 individuals displaced, 11 permanently.
April 20th, a mere 13 days later, a new 400-foot-long soldier pile/lagging wall and embankment slope design was completed and let by Gannet Fleming. Golden Triangle Construction Company was awarded the contract for $6,543,210.00.
June 27, 2018, only 67 days later, SR 30 was reopened to traffic with assistance from 71 PennDOT employees and roughly 82 partners.

Rt30

Liberty Bridge

The Liberty Bridge was built in 1928 and at 90 years old with a 55,000 ADT it required an $80 million rehabilitation project using the ABC method. The project consisted of a full deck reconstruction, latex overlay of the entire bridge, and superstructure/substructure repairs.

Liberty Bridge

Exodermic Deck

A new, innovative, Exodermic Deck was part of the project. An exodermic deck is a hybrid type of structural system, containing elements of a conventional reinforced concrete deck, as well as a steel grid. The bridge is the first in Pennsylvania to receive this type of deck system and proved to be a significant savings of construction time, while increasing the efficiency, safety, and load carrying ability of the bridge for years to come.

Exodermic Deck
Exodermic Deck

Accelerated Bridge Construction

We are currently in the process of using Bridge in a Backpack (13 Carbon Fiber Arches placed 4’ center to center and filled with Self Consolidating Concrete with type “k” cement).

Bridge in a Backpack

The contractor for SR 2004, B08 used the Tybot on the project. Next year we will use a Self-Propelled Mobile Transport system on Shaler Street over SR 19. The District looks for and continues to promote and encourage innovative ways of Accelerated Bridge Construction.

Tybot

Completed Construction Projects

SR 2004-B08 Contract Value = $19 million Realignment and new construction of SR 2004
SR 28 Contract Value = $34 million Crack and seat and resurfacing
SR 376-A50/A56 Contract Value = $42 & 72 million Reconstruction and subgrade stabilization

PennDOT Connects

District 11 has implemented the PennDOT Connects philosophy through all phases of the District’s projects. Local involvement and collaboration has proven to be a benefit for all parties involved. Our goal is to maintain interaction with the Counties, City of Pittsburgh, municipalities, Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission, Port Authority and elected officials that fall within our projects’ limits from planning through construction.

Rendering

We have stretched financial resources on projects and expedited project delivery by utilizing municipalities funding pre-construction costs and the District funding construction; we will continue to investigate these opportunities.

SR 18

The District is partnering with the city of Beaver Falls on a multimodal transformation of a former vehicles first arterial highway. We will be adding a designated bike lane, incorporating rear angle parking, and installing curb bump-outs at intersections for pedestrian crossing safety.

Bile Lane

District 11 Tunnels

District 11 has implemented many safety initiatives to lower injury and fleet accident rates. With the Tunnels having over 2,000 incidents a year, they have implemented the use of dedicated crash trucks as a standard operating procedure and short term/long-long term options were developed for acquiring the needed crash trucks.

Looking Ahead

Repairing Landslides

The District gets roughly 30 – 40 significant new slides per year. At current production and funding we are (at best) maintaining a list of 70 – 80 slides. An additional $10-20 million per year in TIP and county or state funds would be needed to adequately address slides and cut down the overall number of slides/resulting road closures and disruption to the public.

Landslides 1
Landslides 2

Pushing ahead – Interstate Studies

Many of the heavily congested and antiquated interstate interchanges in the Greater Pittsburgh Region were studied to evaluate opportunities to increase safety and efficiency. Only one study has been fully funded with six still needing all or multiple phases funded.

Studies 1
Studies 2

Back to Basics in Maintenance

District 11 implemented a consistent sealcoat cycle (6 yrs.), crack sealing cycle (3 yrs.), and joint sealing cycle (3 yrs.) in 2013. We plan to resume core cycle maintenance activities by employing the following: Sealcoat out-of-cycle will be addressed within next 3-yr cycle rotation. Majority of the out-of-cycle crack seal mileage is scheduled for sealcoat in 2019 with the remaining to be addressed within the next 3 yrs.

Maintenance 1
Maintenance 2

District 12

Major Projects

The Ohiopyle Multimodal Gateway Project (SR 381-OMG) on SR 381 in Fayette County is in Ohiopyle Borough and Ohiopyle State Park. This project concentrates on safety for the more than 1.5 million visitors that the Park attracts. The project will minimize conflict points for all users and modes of travel (pedestrians / bikers / kayakers /boaters and drivers) by improving sidewalks & crossings: constructing a pedestrian underpass and rehabilitating a bridge.

Map of Ohio Pyle project area

District 12 Rapid Bridge Reduction: The District 12’s P3, RBR (Rapid Bridge Replacement) share of the state-wide total is 83 bridges. Currently, District 12 has 76 bridges built with 7 remaining. There are 5 bridges still under construction, with 2 bridges remaining to be built in 2019.

Pilot Projects

  • Small Business Enterprise Pilot project -SR 4057 over Brush Run - full design for a small bridge project only small businesses can submit statements of interest. They must complete minimum 50% of the design.
  • Western Region OneHR Pilot – On May 5, 2018, four western Districts (1, 10, 11 and 12) merged HR services
  • I-70/SR 31 interchange project incorporated a Design /Build Traffic Control Plan

Organizational Best Practices

  • District 12 began an in-house maintenance bridge repair program in the late 2000s. Each of the four counties in the District has a dedicated crew that performs bridge work during non-winter services months. Each county usually has two to five of these repairs per year. Projects are designed by our bridge unit and constructed by our county bridge crews. To date we have improved over 150 bridges.
  • District 12 began with 740 poor bridges in 2005 and has reduced that number down to 364 poor bridges currently in the district
  • PennDOT District 12-0 is committed to utilizing innovative solutions to solve traffic and transportation challenges
    • US 22 Corridor Signal Upgrade (MPMS 102257) – Adaptive Spine Signal Control
    • US 19 Corridor Signal Upgrade (MPMS 107432)- Adaptive Spine Signal Control
    • I-70 @ PA 51 Interchange (MPMS 75978) – Diverging Diamond Interchange
  • District 12 is having great success using the PennDOT Connects initiative to get input from communities to address local needs. Planning with our Communities
  • PennDOT District 12 also initiated a monthly District Progress Report which is distributed to Legislators, media, employees and interested customers. Progress Report Cover

District Challenges

  • Under-ground Longwall mining is unique to District 12 and will be impacting Interstate 70 and will cover 2 states. Longwall Mining in Washington County
  • Landslides: Western Pennsylvania’s natural geological conditions makes the District 12 region one of the most landslide prone areas in the United States. The District incurs substantial costs due to landslide damage, as well as added construction costs. Annually, District 12 spends multi-million dollars in repairing slides; letting million-dollar district wide slide contracts in construction is not uncommon. Landslides
  • Environmental challenges such as the MS-4 permits, mandated permits, and post-construction storm-water inspections continue to place a larger burden on District staff.
  • Greene and Washington Counties are two of the highest counties for Marcellus/Utica natural gas drilling counties. The additional traffic impacts the District 12 road system.
  • The District utilized a 3” cold recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) mix on a project in Washington County. The recycled asphalt material was generated from milling the I-70 pavement preservation project between the WV state line and mile post four. This work was part of the PennDOT RoadMAP program which utilizes RAP material to improve rural routes in a cost-effective manner. The recycled pavement was remixed in a department owned pug mill and applied by the contractor on two roads totaling over 4 miles of pavement. This concept will be used on other department roads in the future.
Vehicles loading RAP
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